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5 Powerful Rights You Do Not Know Being SC ST And OBC

SC ST OBC

The Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Class are generally referred as SC, ST, and OBC respectively. There are many factors that made the Government of India give them certain facilities whether it may be in issuing of caste certificates, regarding backlog vacancies or it may be in promotion policies.  Here are some few things that you need to know if you are SC, ST or OBC.

The STs are the tribal of India who used to live in forests and jungles. They have their own tradition, cultures, food behavior and also have their own way of worship or God.

The Scheduled Caste was the untouchable’s castes of India. They have to live outside the villages and have to do dirty works or jobs. The so-called upper caste people not allowed to touch them, hence they were called untouchables. However, untouchability was abolished by Mahatma Gandhi.

Other Backward Class were peasants who are social, educationally and economically backward classes. They were between the upper castes and the scheduled castes. They were poor, illiterate and mostly engaged in agricultural works.

The object of Issuing Caste Certificate In India

The main objective of issuance of Caste Certificate is to facilitate access of bonafide candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes to the reserved posts and services under the State and other facilities provided by the State to them.

On the basis of caste certificates, the large number of reserved category candidates have been able to secure employment in Government establishments, PSUs, Banks, autonomous bodies etc. secure admissions to educational institutions; and get other facilities provided by the Government to the members of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backwards Classes.

Action Taken Against False SC/ST Certificate 

Actions are taken when complaints are received about the genuineness of caste certificate once the appointments have been given or on detection of a prima facie case of a false SC/ST certificate at any stage of employment.

The instructions contained in the Department of Personnel & Training’s OM No. 11012/7/91-Estt(A) dated 19.05.1993 provided that wherever it is found that a Government servant, who was not qualified or eligible in terms of the recruitments rules etc., for initial recruitment in service or had furnished false information or produced a false certificate in order to secure appointment, he should not be retained in service.

If he is a probationer or a temporary Government servant, he should be discarded or his services should be terminated. If he has become a permanent Government servant, an inquiry as prescribed in Rule 14 of CCS (CCA) Rules, 1965 may be held and if the charges are proved, the Government servant should be removed or dismissed from service. In no circumstances should any other penalty be imposed? Necessary action may also be taken under the provisions of the IPC for production of false certificates. 

Backlog Vacancies and Services in India

Backlog reserved vacancies of a category are those vacancies which are earmarked reserved for that category in an earlier recruitment ear but remained unfilled in the previous recruitment attempt on account of non-availability of suitable candidates belonging to that category and are still lying unfilled.

As per instructions issued by the DoP&T, if a sufficient number of suitable SC/ST and OBC candidates do not become available to full up the vacancies reserved for them in the first attempt of recruitment. A second attempt is made for recruiting suitable candidates belonging to the concerned category in the same recruitment year or as early as possible before the next recruitment year so that the backlog reserved vacancies are not created.

However, even after making such efforts the reserved vacancies are not filled up and backlog vacancies are created which are carried forward to the subsequent recruitment year, in which concerted efforts are made to fill up the backlog reserved vacancies as soon as possible. It may be observed that reason of creation of backlog reserved vacancy in no – availability of reserved category candidates for some posts.

Reservation and Promotion Policies 

Reservation to the SCs, STs, and OBCs in case of direct recruitment on all India bases by open competition is given at the rate of 15%, 7.5%, and 27% respectively. In case of direct recruitment on all India basis otherwise than by open competition, reservation for SCs, STs and OBCs is 16.66%, 7.5%, and 25.84% respectively.

In case of direct recruitment to Group C and D posts which normally attract candidates from a locality or a region, the percentage of SCs and STs is generally fixed in proportion to the population of SCs and STs in the respective states/UTs. For OBCs it is fixed to keep in view the proportion of their population in the concerned State/UT and the fact that total reservation for SCs/STs/OBCs remains within the limit of 50% and reservation for OBCs remains the limit of 27%.
Reservation in promotion in promotion by non-selection method

The selection method is available to SCs and the STs in all groups of services viz A, B, C and D at the rate of 15% and 7.5% respectively. In case of promotion by selection, method reservation is available up to the lowest rung of Group ‘A’ at the same rates.

In promotion by selection to posts within Group ‘A’ which carries an ultimate salary of Rs. 18,300/- or less (in pre-revised scale) there is no reservation, but the SC/ST officers who are senior enough in the zone of consideration for promotion so as to be within the number of vacancies for which the select lists is to be drawn up, would be included in that list provided they are not considered unfit for promotion.

Procedure for obtaining SC ST and OBC Certificate


Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe/Other Backward Classes certificates. Competent authority to issue the same.

The instructions contained in the Department OM No. 36012/6/88-Estt (Res) dated 24.04.1990 and OM No. 36012/22/93_Estt(Res) dated 15.11.1993 provided authorities who are competent to issue of caste certificates and also the proforma. However, the Central Government accepts the certificates issued only by the following authorities in the prescribed proforma.

District Magistrate/Additional District Magistrate/Collector/Deputy Commissioner/Additional Deputy Commissioner/Deputy Collector/1st Class Stipendiary Magistrate/Sub-Divisional Magistrate/Taluka Magistrate/Executive Magistrate/Extra Assistant Commissioner.
Chief Presidency Magistrate/Additional Chief Magistrate Presidency Magistrate/Presidency Magistrate.

Revenue Officer not below the rank of Tehsildar and

Sub-Divisional Officer of the area where the candidate and/or his family normally resides.